Just like CBD, CBG (Cannabigerol) is a cannabinoid that’s taken directly from the Cannabis plant and has similar medicinal properties that answer for its sudden boost in popularity. It’s known for its pain-relieving properties and can help reduce the same minor issues CBD does, such as anxiety and depression. Additionally, it takes on the challenge of more threatening conditions, such as Glaucoma, cancer, IBS, Chron’s Disease, and various other neurological and skin conditions. Its effects are abundant and there’s no question why it’s gaining notoriety alongside CBD.
But there are some prime differences between the two and these differences start at the very beginning of the process from plant to product—extraction.
The two most common forms of cannabinoids are CBD and THC, and both of these start within the cannabis plant as CBGA, Cannabigerolic acid. CBGA is just as it sounds, an acidic state of CBG. As it is the very first cannabinoid to develop within cannabis plants, it’s aptly named the “Mother of All Cannabinoids” as it is the source of most cannabinoids we know today. As the plant matures, CBGA breaks down and converts into CBD and THC, which is why THC and CBD are more abundant and, subsequently, more popular. Because of this conversion, CBG must be extracted when the plant is young before it can change. This leaves a very small window for the extraction of CBG, which is why it’s often offered in low quantities and at a higher cost.
Though not as abundant in the market, CBG is slowly increasing in popularity because of how the cannabinoid interacts with our central nervous system. The human body has naturally occurring cannabinoids—called endocannabinoids—within our system. These cannabinoids are responsible for keeping us both healthy and safe within all areas of our internal system. CBG acts as an imitation of those compounds by binding itself to receptors CB1 (which directs the nervous system and brain), and CB2 (which directs the immune system) and strengthening the neurotransmitters that protect us.
Just like Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate, CBG is considered non-psychoactive which means it counteracts any effects of even the smallest trace of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid found in marijuana, so consumers can enjoy the medicinal side effects of the cannabinoid without worrying about any kind of high or increased levels of anxiety and paranoia. Additionally, because CBG is found in CBD, it plays a key part in the “entourage effect” and increases the medicinal effects of CBD, making it more beneficial than the usage of just CBD alone.
CBG and CBD have a lot of overlap and a lot to share, but they each have their own benefits. Though there’s not more research on the effects of CBG alone, there are enough studies done to prove the combination of both cannabinoids provides heightened therapeutic and medicinal effects. CBG is up and coming as a cannabinoid product, and the outlook on its future in the natural medicine market is more than promising.